happy kwanzaa 2020

How to Celebrate Happy Kwanzaa 2020 | History & Importance for Black

Happy Kwanzaa 2020 is a well-known festival all over the world, especially in Africa in the west and southeast Africa). It is a traditional holiday that is celebrated to remark and reconnect the American-Africans with their traditions and heritage roots. It starts from 26 December and lasts for seven days till 1st January. For your convenience, we have added every major and minor detail from its importance to its celebration. It is celebrated in the USA, Uganda, Tanzania, Mozambique, Kenya, and Zimbabwe.

History and Symbolic Importance

Dr. Maulana Karenga was the person who introduced this festival for Afro-Americans as a celebration of life in 1966. Kwanzaa is a Swahili word that means “first”. It means the first fruit of the harvest.

The seven candles (also spelled with seven letters) are the symbol of this festival. In addition to this, the decoration also includes even items like the mat, the crops, the candle holder, the seven candles, the corn, gifts, and the unity cup. Every candle has its own symbolic importance and name given below:

  1. Umoja represents the “unity” of the people living all over Africa.
  2. Kujichagulia means self-determination. To motive people to create and speak for themselves.
  3. Ujima means work and responsibility. It shows that the bonding between the people is strong and they help each other to solve their problems.
  4. Ujamaa represents cooperative economics that means building and maintain shops, stores, offices, and all kinds of business.
  5. Nia means to show purpose to reconnect the African community.
  6. Kumba represents creativity. To bring new ideas that how we can make a new way to make our community more beautiful and beneficial.
  7. Imani represents faith. The faith of our ancestor’s struggles, efforts, and victory.

Celebration of Happy Kwanzaa

Every family celebrates this day in their own way. It usually includes singing, dancing, exchanging gifts, and a feast. Moreover, People clean their houses and decorate their houses with fruits which look very attractive and also have their own symbolic importance. They also decorate their houses with red, green, and black pallets and small flags. Moreover, the seven candle stand holder is the main part of the decoration. The black color is placed in the center and on the right side green candles are placed. On the other hand, red candles are placed on the left side. The candle stand is called the kinnara.

Many different families unite together and cook some delicious and their cultural food. As this day is celebrated to remember the old traditions.


The food is simple as it has no rules to cook.

Following are the name of the dishes/ food cooked on the day of Kwanzaa:

  1. Catfish
  2. Collards
  3. Macaroni
  4. Jerk chicken
  5. Gumbo
  6. Accra
  7. Feijoada
  8. Rice


The three colors red, black, and green has their own importance. The red color means the noble blood of Africans; this represents the unity in all the Africans, no matter what the race is. The black represents the people. The green color shows how much Africa is rich in minerals and land.

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